( Fragaria vesca )
Parts used: Leaves,fruit
Wild strawberry is a low growing perennial herb spread by runners. It has 3 lobed leaves,white flowers,small red berries. It is a native to Europe,Asia. The leaves and the fruit are gathered in early summer.
The leaves contain: flavonoids,tannins,volatile oil with methyl salicylate,borneol.
Wild strawberry appears to not have been much used medicinally until the middle ages. In 1652 Nicholas Culpeper listed its benefits; “the berries are excellent good to cool the liver, the blood and the spleen or a hot cholerick stomach,the leaves and the roots thereof are also good to fasten loose teeth and to heal spongy foul gums.”
Wild strawberry leaves are mildly astringent and diuretic. the plant is rarely used medicinally today, but it can be taken to treat diarrhea,dysentery. The leaves was also used for gargle for sore throats,and in a lotion for minor burns and scrapes.In Europe the fruit is considered to have cooling,diuretic properties,and has been prescribed as part of a diet in cases of tuberculosis,gout,arthritis and rheumatism.