A downy creeping perennial growing to 4 inches. It has leaves bearing 5 leaflets and 4 petaled yellow flowers.
It is a native to temperate regions of Asia,Europe.It thrives in grassy sites and on heaths,moorland. The aerial parts harvested in summer,the root in autumn.
Tormentil contains tannins,catechins,ellagitannins,a phlobahene.
According to the 17th century herbalist Nickolas Culpeper the herb,is most excellent to stay all kinds of fluxes of blood or humours in man or woman,whether it be at nose,mouth,belly,or any wound in the veins or elsewhere.
The plant makes a beneficial gargle for throat infections,and effective mouthwash for treating canker sores and infected gums. It may be taken for conditions that give rise to diarrhea,such as irritable bowel syndrome,colitis,ulcerative colitis,dysentery,rectal bleeding. When applied externally as a lotion or ointment,it helps relieve hemorrhoids,especially those that bleeding. In form of a lotion tormentil is used to help staunch wounds and protect areas of damaged or burned skin.