Herb of the Day: Noni


Noni
(Morinda citrifolia)
Parts used: Fruit and juice,leaves,bark

Noni is a shrub or small tree,it grows to about 27 ft. Its large creamy white flowers produce a fruit that resembles a bread fruit 6 inch long, green turning yellow to white, with a pungent, very unpleasant odor. Originally it came from Southeast Asia, but now has spread India, across the Pacific to Polynesia and Hawaii. It prefers volcanic soil coastal areas and lowland forests. The fruit is picked when ripe,other parts picked as required.
Noni contains anthraquinones in the bark, roots, fruit. Alkaloids are present in the leaves and fruit,as well as polysaccharides, sterols, coumarins, scopoletin, triterpenes, ursolic acid, iridoids, asperuloside. Different parts of the plant has been used in Polynesia for at least 2000 years,to treat infection, chronic disease like boils, stomach ulcers, as a poultice to relieve inflammation. In Hawaii, traditional healers have long used it to promote recovery from serious illness. Since the late 1990s, word of noni’s reputed medicinal benefits has spread being presented as a medicinal food with astonishing variety of potential uses for obesity, diabetes, cancer, pain, lowered immunity, high blood pressure, heart disease and depression. Published research indicates that noni fruit has analgesic immune stimulant and cancer fighting activity. The juice is best drunk on a empty stomach.

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