Birch (Betula alba)
Parts used: Bark and leaves
Birch is not only great for shade in the summer, it is also a great blood cleanser. Birch oil is great for certain skin complaints, such as cankers. Birch bark contains a glycoside which breaks down to give methyl salicylate. It is used as a remedy for rheumatism in Canada and the US. An extract of the leaves is recommended for hair loss. Birch is also a mild sedative which can help with insomnia. Birch powder can be used as a toothpaste.